The constitutional recognition of the leading role of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC), presupposes the gathering of its leaders at the highest center of public power.
The Constitution of the Republic, in article 5, recognizes the PCC as the “the supreme governing force of society and the state,” the nucleus of its political system and all the state organizations.
What political-legal consequences does this recognition bring? In the first place, the enforcement of single-party rule, thereby institutionalizing a political ideology. It means that political pluralism is prohibited. Other organizations can exist, but they must be faithful to Marxist-Leninist doctrine.
In other words, it impedes organized political activity outside of what is dictated by the Party. And it relegates to a secondary position the state’s role as director and guardian of society.
Communist ideology conceives of the State as an administrative entity incapable of directing society politically or economically. It is therefore deemed necessary for the Party to intervene in all aspects of the life of the country.
The identity between the PCC and the Cuban State is such that the former, rather than merely directing, replaces the latter. It is the Party that determines the working of state institutions, including the organs of popular representation.
The political system in Cuba depends on a single center of power. The historic leaders of the PCC have charge of all bodies of the State: the National Assembly of the People’s Power, the Council of State and the Council of Ministers.
The recognition that the Constitution gives the Communist Party supports the implementation of a system founded on the principle of authority, allowing the PCC to intervene in all spheres of government, and enabling the elite who run it to personally assume the powers of the organs of State. Pure authoritarianism.
Translated by: Tomás A.